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All About Cardamom
There are three main commercial types of cardamom: Black, Green, and White. All are members of the ginger family.

Black Cardamom: Amomum subulatum & A. costatum
Family: Zingiberaceae
Black cardamom, is also known as hill cardamom, Bengal cardamom, greater cardamom, Nepal cardamom, winged cardamom, or brown cardamom.

– A member of the ginger family, black cardamom is a close relative of green cardamom.
– Black cardamom has a strong camphor-like flavour, with a smoky character derived from the method of drying.
– Not suited to sweet baked goods – better suited to savoury recipes like long slow braised meet dishes.
– Pop a whole pod in a rice cooker next time you make rice.
– The pods are often used in Vietnam when making phở.
– Plays a prominent role in North India Curries.
– Would be a great addition to a BBQ dry rub, it would bring a smokey something that you can’t quiet describe.
– Can be used whole, ground whole, or remove the pod and just grind the seeds.
– Great pairings would be basil, fennel, garlic, lemongrass.

Green / White Cardamom: Elettaria cardamomum (L.) or Amomum cardamomum L.
Family: Zingiberaceae
Origin: India

– Green pod with black seeds.
– Works well in savoury as well as sweet recipes.
– Great flavouring addition to coffee and tea, major component in Indian Masala Chai
– Major component of Garam Masala mix
– White cardamom is mostly seen in Scandinavian cooking.
– When first introduced to Scandinavia, (the story goes) cardamom had been on a lengthy sea voyage where exposure to sun, salt and air bleached the pods white and altered their flavour.
– Today bleaching green cardamom to white is a chemical process, that removes colour and the strongest menthol components, leaving a lighter sweeter fragrance.
– Can be used whole, ground whole, or remove the pod and just grind the seeds.
-10 pods roughly equals  1 1⁄2 tsp of ground cardamom.
– Store whole.
-Pairings: caraway, cinnamon, cumin, dill, juniper.

Both are ‘Warming’ spices

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Livia

The author Livia

Crossfitter, Blogger, World's Pickiest Vegetarian, Ninja in Training, Vampire Slayer. Blue is my favourite color. It's also the only color.

3 Comments

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  2. Thanks for the lovely, simple, delicious recipes and helpful information you provide in your channel
    I’ve tried many recipes and it s in my recipe book now

  3. I use green cardamom often, but have never seen black cardamom, only read about it. I think I'll try to find some online. Will you be doing an episode on fenugreek? I'd like to know more about it, and it's another spice that I can't find.

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